Every Country in the world is part of the intergovernmental organization. In general sense, It has Two types, Cultural based Country Grouping i.e. Culture IGOs. and Non-Culture based Country Grouping IGOs. The Example Of Non-Culture IGOs is International Criminal Court, International Monetary Fund, International Seabed Authority, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Interpol, New Development Bank, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, United Nations, World Bank Group, World Trade Organization and many others. The Example of Culture IGOs is Commonwealth of Nations, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie, Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition, Organization of Islamic Cooperation And many others.
What was Reason Behind Country Grouping?
The main reason for today’s world is GLOBALIZATION. During ancient period many countries formed the group to protect each other from enemies. Battle of Thermopylae (480 BC) and the battle of Artemisium (490 BC) is a perfect example of how country grouping affected the history of the world.
At the national level, cooperation among countries can support and reinforce national efforts for health development and also enrich perspectives on best practices and lessons learnt in other countries. These exchanges have the potential to impact subregional and regional integration processes as well as global health policy debates.
The 3 main reason Behind Country Grouping are
- common challenges that extend beyond national borders
- political, cultural, religious and economic commonalities that foster integration
- inter-country engagement in regional and/or global processes
List Of Various Organization and Their Motive
Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa formed BRICS to tackle common problem among them and support each other. Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa Jointly created a financial institution which is recognized as BRICS BANK. The influence of the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) in the international arena has risen enormously in recent decades.
South Africa began efforts to join the BRIC grouping and on December 24, 2010, South Africa was invited to join BRICS. The aim of BRIC is establishment of an equitable, democratic and multipolar world order, but later BRIC became a political organization.
The G4 nations comprising Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan are four countries which support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council. All the permanent members of P5 have supported India’s bids for a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) but China had previously implied that it is only ready to support India’s bid for a permanent seat on United Nations Security Council if India did not associate its bid with Japan.
Note: India elected for 2 terms in UNSC in the 24-year period from 1987 to 2010.
Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Russia, the world’s major highly industrialized economies in countries that view themselves as democracies.
Note: G8 is dead now. The new group of this countries is G14 (G8+5+Egypt)
Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Russia, Egypt, Brazil, China, India, Mexico, and South Africa, the world’s economic dominated countries group.
5.Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region.
a regional organization of Arab countries in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia, Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, to draw closer the relations between member States and co-ordinate collaboration between them, to safeguard their independence and sovereignty, and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries.
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, thirteen countries accounting for an estimated 42 percent of global oil production and 73 percent of the world’s proven oil reserves.
a trade bloc of states that border the Pacific Ocean. Permanent members include Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru.As of October 2016, there are 49 observer states of which 2 are candidate countries, in process of full membership which are the Central-American countries of Costa Rica and Panama.
9.Commonwealth of Nations
fifty-two member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
Group of Twenty, twenty major economies, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, European Union, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, for studying, reviewing, and promoting high-level discussion of policy issues pertaining to the promotion of international financial stability.
Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States, the seven major advanced economies as reported by the International Monetary Fund.
It is a loose coalition of developing nations, designed to promote its members’ collective economic interests and create an enhanced joint negotiating capacity in the United Nations.
Vito Power Group! They are permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Look here for IMF Member list:
- Official website of G20 summit in China http: //www. g20. org
- The European Comission
- Times Of India http://times of india. indiat imes.com/world/eur ope/G8-is-dead-lon g-live-G14/articles how/4764431.c ms?refe rral=PM
- http://www. worl dbank.o rg
- http://www. imf. org/exter nal/ind ex.htm